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Skin stimulation and recording: Moving towards metal-free electrodes

By Kirstin Ahmed

Electrodes used for measuring electric signals from the body are commonly made of metal making them expensive, stiff, non-efficient potentially toxic. We made electrodes made of graphene induced with a laser allows for an economical, soft, and organic electrode. We tested the graphene electrode on the bench and in humans and found that they were more stable in bench testing and rivals metal electrodes in human testing. Graphene electrodes show potential to replace metal electrodes leading to better and cheaper electrodes.